Who built the Inca Trail?, the most famous trekking route in South America. At the time of the Incas, Peru had as annexed territories some Latin American countries such as Bolivia, Argentina, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile; countries that once belonged to the magnificent empire of the Incas, ” TAHUANTINSUYO”; name that the Inca state had. It was named so, because its extensive territory comprised 4 of them (Chinchaysuyo, Contisuyo, Collasuyo and Antisuyo), regions that were formed after annexing new provinces at the time of the expansion.
The capital was the historic city of Cusco; now called the navel of the world, from where the roads were projected towards the 4 of their ancient Peru, with the objective of uniting and effectively managing the Inca state.Now discover the incredible history of the Inca Trail
Where did the Inca Trail network start?
The milestone for the start of the Inca Trail network began in the Huacaypata plaza (main square of Cusco). Thus the supreme Inca could administer the 4 regions from the city of Cusco, because the Tahuantinsuyo was composed of more than 80 provinces, to simplify the administrative task each province had its governor, who were the official spokesmen of the Inca.
This road system of Inca roads was administered and built by elected officials, usually by close relatives of the noble residents of each province; who were in charge of the elaboration, operation and control according to their jurisdiction at that time.
Today these roads are called the QHAPAQ ÑAN. Because it was built by orders of the Inca, supreme leader of the time of the Incas, who ordered to build the roads to conquer and govern the conquered territories. It was an excellent strategy of organization!! , bring the vast territory to organizational success. Since the promises made in the political negotiations with the new peoples in the conquest had to be fulfilled for this reason, these communication systems were created.
This impressive road network was crossed by the great Inca nobility as the supreme Inca, the governor of roads, the governors of each of the 4 suyos, who mobilized with managerial objectives, the great Inca army in time of territorial expansion, likewise by the working class “Mitimaes” who were responsible for the construction of such roads, temples, tambos and cultivation of state lands and of course by the chasquis who traveled these roads at a jog and race to carry messages to the governors of each province, in summary they fulfilled administrative, political, military and religious state functions, all of them by order of the Sapa Inca and the important officials who were the maximum representatives of the supreme leader at the time of the Inca Empire.
In the same way these roads were very frequented by llamas and their carriers who were responsible for the distribution of products, clothing, food and weapons to store in the colqas and supply supplies in times of war and food for travelers who used the road fulfilling duties of the state.
In this way the magnificent Inca Trail was also built towards the lost citadel of the Incas “MACHUPICCHU”, since they built roads to join annexed cities, sacred temples, palaces and fields of culture. In this case this extensive road was built in the middle of a large ecosystem, surrounded by incredible landscapes and beautiful panoramas towards the wonderful Inca city until now shrouded in mystery Machu Picchu, the most beautiful Inca city in the world.